Malihah, Noor (2016) THE APPLICATIVE VOICE IN JAVANESE DIALECT OF KUDUS. Proceedings of the International Seminar on Language Maintainance (LAMAS) 6. pp. 314-321. ISSN 2540-8755

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This paper presents a descriptive analysis of applicative voice constructions in Javanese, specifically the non-standard Kudus dialect (Javanese Dialect of Kudus or JDK). The people of Kudus, like most Javanese in Indonesia, are largerly bilingual in Indonesian and Javanese. However, Indonesian has become the favoured language and JDK is considered inferior, a mark of a lack of education and a lower status in society. This situation does not encourage the study of dialect and may ultimately lead to the disapearance of JDK. Therefore, a corpus was constructed in the course of fieldwork in Kudus, sampling three genres: spontaneous conversation, elicited spoken narratives, and newspaper articles. The spoken corpus were collected from native speakers of JDK which were categorized as younger and adult groups. The results indicate the existence of two distinct constructions, one marked by –i and one marked by either standard –(a)ke or dialectal –na. Generally –i occurs more frequently than –na and –(a)ke, but the relative prominence of the other two markers –na and –(a)ke is not consistent. This might be a genre effect that occurs in these three corpora. Particularly, the written corpus is different from the two spoken corpora. There appears to be a conscious selection of the dialect-marked form –na by the writer of the articles. By contrast there are no instances of –(a)ke in the written corpus. Thus, the non-standard –na is infrequent in the two spoken corpora and frequent in the written corpus. It is worth noting when a feature of dialect is used heavily in writing, as in the case, that may show that people are consciously aware of that feature (so they make heavy use of it on purpose), as opposed to other features that they are only implicitly aware of. This finding shows the role of newspaper articles in maintaining and spreading the JDK. This study also demostrates that adult speakers use –na twice as frequently as do the younger speakers. By contrast –(a)ke is used more frequently by younger speakers than adult speakers. The marker –i is used in the applicative with approximately the same frequency by both age groups. However, the preference of the younger group for the standard variant is highly suggestive despite not being significant. The younger group were learning Standard Javanese in their school. This might affect the selection of the standard form rather than the dialect.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Bahasa
Divisions: Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Ilmu Keguruan
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2019 06:14
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2019 06:14

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